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Enlarged Mediastinal Lymph Nodes: An Overview

Located in the thoracic cavity of the body, mediastinal lymph nodes are a group of lymph nodes that play a vital role in the filtration of lymph before it is returned to the circulatory system. If not taken care of, it results in Mesothelioma – a rare, asbestos-related cancer that forms in the protective tissues covering the lungs, abdomen and heart. Early diagnosis and improvement in mediastinal lymph nodes treatments are allowing patients to live longer than ever.

The normal size of mediastinal lymph nodes – The normal size of nodes is up to 1 cm in diameter. However, if the nodes are larger than 0.5 cm or if the diameter of inguinal nodes larger is greater than 1.5 cm, they are considered abnormal.

When Your Mediastinal Lymph Nodes Are Enlarged

Also known as Mediastinal Lymphadenopathy or Mediastinal Adenopathy, it is an enlargement of the mediastinal lymph nodes. In particular, mediastinal lymph nodes can become enlarged on their own or due to other illnesses including certain diseases that affect the lungs.

In some cases, the enlarged mediastinal lymph nodes are a sign of cancer. Sometimes people suffering from the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have enlarged mediastinal nodes because of the presence of bronchitis component.

The doctors specializing in the treatment of mediastinal lymph nodes at Al Zahra Hospital in Dubai need to know the underlying cause of enlarged nodes through a procedure called mediastinoscopy with biopsy. In this biopsy procedure, doctors make a small cut above the breastbone and insert an instrument called mediastinoscope through this cut. This instrument is moved to the mid of the chest to collect tissue samples of the lymph nodes. The procedure is carried out in the hospital under general anesthesia.

Treatment Options For Enlarged Mediastinal Lymph Nodes

Treatment of the enlarged mediastinal lymph nodes completely depends on the diagnosis. If it has developed into cancer, the most effective treatment option include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, multimodal therapy, and HIPEC. In a multimodal therapy, many doctors prefer to combine two or more of these treatments for better treatment and faster recovery.

How such human problems can be prevented?

The best prevention is a healthy lifestyle, workout, and nutrition. All this together strengthens the immune system and makes your body fight against various infections. Avoid working and living in places of air pollution and don’t take stress – these factors are also the leading causes of diseases of the mediastinal organs.

Dr. Sadir Alrawi, a thoracic surgeon at Dubai-based Al Zahra Hospital, is committed to consistently deliver effective treatment for mediastinal lymph nodes. The hospital provides excellence in its day-to-day operations by means of efficiency, expertise and effectivity along with healthcare of International Standards of Quality and Safety.

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