Lung disease refers to any disease or disorder in which the lungs do not function properly. Lung diseases are the third leading killer in the world and are the leading cause of death among infants under the age of one.
Lung disease doesn’t have any favorites. It can affect men, women, children, smokers, non-smokers and individuals who have never smoked.
Some lung diseases, like asthma and emphysema, involve a narrowing or blockage of the airways resulting in poor air flow. Others including blebs and bullae are related to an underlying disease process such as emphysema / chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Dr. Arun Kanala is an expert surgeon in the field of lung cancer surgeries, minimally invasive surgeries, thoracic surgeries, tracheal resection surgeries, treatment of lung blebs bullae in Dubai. He is a board certified thoracic surgeon with a surgical experience of more than 20 years and is presently serving in Al Zahara Hospital, Dubai.
What are blebs?
The lung is made up of lung tissue which further consists of alveoli, bronchi, bronchioles and a thin membranous covering known as pleura. This covering acts as the protective shield and prevents the inhaled air from traveling from the lung to the area inside the thoracic cavity.
Blebs are blister like air pockets that form on the surface of the lungs while bullae is the term used for air filled cavities within the lung tissue.
Who gets affected by blebs or bullae?
Although blebs and bullae are related to an underlying disease such as emphysema / chronic obstructive pulmonary disease but they can also be found in young healthy people who have no medical history. Spontaneous pneumothorax is much prevalent amongst young adult males who are otherwise healthy with no other known medical history but often complain about shortness of breath or dyspnea.
Smoking or smoking cannabis leads to the development of spontaneous pneumothorax in young otherwise healthy patients.
How does belbs cause a pneumothorax?
When these blebs rupture or inhaled air is able to travel from the airways to the thoracic cavity, it leads to pneumothorax or lung collapse.
The symptoms depend on the amount of lung collapse and the baseline respiratory status of the patient. In young healthy patients, these symptoms are more subtle even with a large pneumothorax. Those patients who have limited reserve may experience shortness of breath, dyspnea, chest and chest wall pain. Those who suffer large pneumothoraces or complete collapse of a lung may become cyanotic or develop respiratory distress.
How is it treated?
Simple or first time pneumothorax can be treated by the following ways:
Oxygen Therapy – It is a traditional and a very effective treatment used for treating small pneumothorax in asymptomatic or minimally symptomatic patients. In this therapy, oxygen is transferred via face mask or non-rebreather.
Tube Thoracostomy – In this treatment, a chest tube is placed to evacuate air from the thoracic cavity thus allowing the lung to re-expand. The chest tube is initially placed to suction until the lung surface heals, and the lung is fully expanded.
Recurrent pneumothorax or blebectomy can be treated by the following ways:
VATS – Video Assisted Thoracoscopy – VATS procedure is the surgical approach or technique used to gain entry into the chest. In the VATS technique, one or more “ports” are created using surgical tools, and a thoracoscope (or camera.) For better visibility, the thoracic surgeons prefer the rigid scopes to keep control over the tissue during operation.
Open Thoracotomy – Open thoracotomy or mini-thoracotomy incisions are used to gain access to the lung, particularly for resection of bullae. During this procedure, fibrin sealants may be used.
Al Zahara Hospital in Dubai is committed to consistently deliver high-quality healthcare services to patients. Dr. Arun Kanala specializes in lung blebs bullae treatment in Dubai. Whether you want second opinion on blebs/bullae treatment or are looking for minimally invasive lung surgery, then book an appointment today by calling at +971 058 128 5412. You can even send your blebs or bullae treatment related queries to firstname.lastname@example.org.