VATS – Minimally Invasive Approach Revolutionizes Lung Cancer Surgery
Each year lung cancer proclaims to kill millions of people across the world. It is one of the leading causes of cancer both amongst men and women. In fact, more people die throughout the world due to lung cancer as compared to breast and prostate cancers combined.
From the recent studies, it can be concluded that there is a significant survival benefit with CT scan screening for former smokers. Lung cancer screening helps in earlier detection and thus earlier stage lung cancers can be cured.
Surgery is the treatment of choice for early lung cancer and offers the best chance of survival. Modern techniques such as Video Assisted Thoracic Surgery (VATS) can also be performed if pus in the lungs is detected at an early stage. Dr. Arun Kanala, who is an experienced VATS surgeon at Dubai’s Al Zahra Hospital, specializes in providing both inpatient and outpatient with a treatment of an international standard.
The minimally invasive modern approaches have revolutionized the way thoracic surgeons perform lung cancer surgery. These minimally invasive thoracic surgeries can be performed using video assistance or robotic assistance.
Video Assisted Thoracic Surgery (VATS) – Video Assisted Thoracic Surgery, popularly known as VATS, is a surgical technique in which thorascope is inserted. Thorascope is a long thin tube with a camera attached on the end. This thin tube is inserted through a small chest incision known as the port. The thorascope allows the surgeon to visualize inside the chest cavity and to perform surgery using small surgical instruments inserted through one or two additional ports. For more extensive operations such as lung resection for cancer, an additional incision measuring about 6-8 centimeters is made for the removal of the lung tissue.
Robotic Thoracic Surgery – Robotic thoracic surgery is an all new surgical approach which greatly enhances the surgeon’s visualization of the operative field. It is more precise and controlled as compared to the traditional “open” surgery approach. In this surgical procedure, the surgeon makes a small incision in the same rib space to perform surgery. The cut is made without spreading or cutting the breastbone or ribs. This, in turn, minimizes the blood loss, pain and scarring.
The surgeon controls the robot’s movements from a nearby console in the operating room. The robot is equipped with high definition, 3D imaging capabilities thus enabling the surgeons to perform thoracic surgery effectively through small 1-2 cm incisions.
Benefits of Minimally Invasive Approach
• Enhanced visualization / decreased trauma to the tissue
• Less postoperative respiratory and other complications
• You will have to stay for less number of days in the hospital
• Shortened recovery time, allowing return to work and daily activities sooner
• Ability to offer surgery to higher risk patients who would not be candidates otherwise
Dr. Arun Kanala, who is an expert VATS surgeon in Dubai, recommends to undergo minimally invasive surgery for lung cancer patients as a smaller incision is made, and no rib spreading or cutting is done. So there is less pain and less chances of developing pneumonia. Moreover, you can return to normal activity and work in less time.